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– Brightly colored bracts attract pollinators
– Grasses have lemma and palea bracts
– Dish-shaped bracts like Marcgravia evenia attract bats
– Cyathophylls in Euphorbia species are showy
– Bracts in conifers and Castilleja species serve different functions

– Small bract called bracteole arises on a pedicel
– It is a type of bract that differs from regular bracts

Involucral bracts:
– Bracts in a whorl beneath inflorescences are called involucral bracts
– Asteraceous plants have bracts at the base of each inflorescence
– Involucre protects developing nuts in some plant species
– Beggar-tick has narrow involucral bracts
– Involucre can be a conspicuous bract at the base of an inflorescence

– Epicalyx is a modification of bracteoles around the calyx
– It is a calyx-like extra whorl of floral appendages
– Fragaria may or may not have an epicalyx
– Epicalyx is present in the Malvaceae family

– Spathe is a large bract enclosing flower clusters
– Spathe is found in plants like palms, arums, and irises
– Some arums have petal-like spathes attracting pollinators
– Zephyranthes tubispatha has a tubular spathe
– Spathe is part of the inflorescence in Anthurium scherzerianum

Bract (Wikipedia)

In botany, a bract is a modified or specialized leaf, especially one associated with a reproductive structure such as a flower, inflorescence axis or cone scale. Bracts are usually different from foliage leaves; they may be of a different size, color, shape, or texture. Typically, they also look different from the parts of the flower, such as the petals or sepals. A plant having bracts is referred to as bracteate or bracteolate, while one that lacks them is referred to as ebracteate and ebracteolate, without bracts.

Papery (upper) and leafy bracts on hay rattle (Rhinanthus minor). All the "leaves" in this image are bracts.
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