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Cowspiracy – Wikipedia

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**Cowspiracy Documentary**:
– Directed by Kip Andersen and Keegan Kuhn
– Explores impact of animal agriculture on the environment
– Investigates policies of environmental organizations like Greenpeace, Sierra Club, Surfrider Foundation, Rainforest Action Network, and Oceana
– Crowdfunded on Indiegogo with 1,449 contributors giving $117,092, exceeding the goal by 217%
– Funding allowed for dubbing into Spanish and German, and subtitling into more than 10 languages including Chinese and Russian
– Featured individuals include Michael Klaper, Howard Lyman, Lauren Ornelas, Michael Pollan, and Kirk R. Smith
– Won Audience Choice Award at the 2015 South African Eco Film Festival and Best Foreign Film Award at the 12th annual Festival de films de Portneuf sur l’environnement
– Nominated for Cinema Politica’s 2015 Audience Choice Award

**Criticism of Cowspiracy**:
– Criticized for claiming animal agriculture is the primary source of greenhouse gases
– Scientific reports indicate that combustion of fossil fuels accounts for about two-thirds of emissions
– Disputed claim that 51% of global greenhouse gases are caused by animal agriculture
– Scientific consensus states that livestock contribute 15% of global greenhouse gas emissions
– Peer-reviewed meta-analysis found that a no animal products scenario would reduce global greenhouse gas emissions by 28%

**Related Works and Concepts**:
– Eating Our Way to Extinction
– Environmental impact of meat production
List of vegan media
– Livestock’s Long Shadow
– Intensive animal farming

**Notable Figures in Vegetarianism**:
Thomas Allinson
William Axon
Maximilian Bircher-Benner
– George Cheyne
Helen Nearing

**Influential Writers, Pioneers, Philosophers, and Modern Voices in Vegetarianism**:
– Influential Writers: Rynn Berry, Henry S. Clubb, J. Howard Moore, Henry Stephens Salt, Ellen G. White
– Pioneers in Plant-Based Nutrition: Lucius Duncan Bulkley, Elmer McCollum, Harry Willis Miller, Eli Peck Miller, Russell Thacher Trall
– Vegetarian Philosophers and Ethicists: Horace A. Barrows, George Bedborough, James Rachels, Henry Stephens Salt, Russell Thacher Trall
– Modern Voices in Vegetarianism: Nava Atlas, Mayim Bialik, Gypsy Boots, BOSH!, Kathleen Keen Zolber

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