Skip to Content

Elaeis guineensis – Wikipedia

« Back to Glossary Index

– Taxonomy of Elaeis guineensis:
– Scientific name: Elaeis guineensis
– Synonyms: Elaeis dybowskii, Hua, E.macrophylla, E.madagascariensis, E.melanococca, E.nigrescens, E.virescens, Palma oleosa
– Principal source of palm oil
– Native to west and southwest Africa
– Naturalized in Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, Indonesia, Central America, Cambodia, the West Indies, and islands in the Indian and Pacific Oceans

– Distribution and cultivation:
– Domesticated in West Africa along the south-facing Atlantic coast
– Lack of documentation on domestication timeline
– Human use of oil palms dates back to ancient Egypt
– Archaeological discovery of palm oil in Egyptian tomb dating back to 3000 BCE
– Related species used for palm oil production: E. oleifera, Attalea maripa

– Economic importance:
– Principal source of palm oil globally
Palm oil used in various industries such as food, cosmetics, and biofuels
– High demand for palm oil due to its versatility and low production costs
– Economic significance for countries like Malaysia and Indonesia
– Challenges related to sustainability and environmental impact of palm oil production

– Environmental impact:
– Deforestation for palm oil plantations leading to habitat loss
– Impact on biodiversity and endangered species
– Greenhouse gas emissions from land conversion for palm oil cultivation
– Efforts towards sustainable palm oil production through certifications and initiatives
– Balancing economic benefits with environmental conservation in palm oil industry

– Health considerations:
– Controversies surrounding health impacts of palm oil consumption
– High saturated fat content in palm oil
– Debate on health effects of palm oil compared to other vegetable oils
– Research on potential health benefits and risks of palm oil consumption
– Recommendations for balanced consumption and awareness of palm oil’s nutritional profile

« Back to Glossary Index