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**1. Floriculture Overview and Industry Statistics:**
– Flowers are essential in human society for various occasions and settings.
Floriculture scientists globally study flowers and plants to enhance production and enjoyment.
Floriculture crops include cut flowers, cultivated greens, bedding plants, and houseplants.
– Global floriculture market size estimated at US$50,040 million in 2022, with a projected growth to US$58,030 million by 2028.
– U.S. floriculture crops had a total wholesale value of US$6.69 billion in 2022, involving 8,951 producers across 833 million square feet of production area.

**2. Plant Growth Techniques and Technologies in Floriculture:**
– Photoperiodism in plants like Chrysanthemum and Poinsettias.
Plant tissue culture and micropropagation for rapid propagation and virus removal.
– Use of containers and evolving growing media like peat moss, perlite, and sustainable alternatives.
– Advancements in lighting technology from incandescent to LED lamps for efficient plant production.
– Importance of plant nutrition, water quality, and irrigation methods for optimal growth.

**3. Supplemental Lighting and Light Control in Floriculture:**
– Impact of supplemental lighting on flowering and berry production in greenhouse crops.
– Influence of daily light integral and different light wavelengths on plant growth and development.
– LED lamps as the future of greenhouse lighting, allowing manipulation of light quality.
– Effects of supplemental blue light on flowering and stem extension growth of cut flowers.
– Research and studies on light control and its impact on plant quality and flowering time.

**4. Regional Floriculture Practices and Market Trends:**
– Varied approaches and techniques in floriculture in regions like Canada and Taiwan.
– Unique challenges and opportunities in different regions, reflecting market trends and consumer preferences.
– Understanding regional floriculture practices to optimize production and meet consumer demands.

**5. Floriculture Resources and Further Reading:**
– USDA National Agricultural Statistics Service data on floriculture crops.
– Educational resources from institutions like the University of Florida and North Carolina State University.
– Support organizations like the California Cut Flower Commission.
– Research studies, market reports, and economic analyses in floriculture.
– External links for additional information and resources on floriculture.

Floriculture (Wikipedia)

Floriculture is the study of the efficient production of the plants that produce showy, colorful flowers and foliage for human enjoyment and the human environment. It is a commercially successful branch of horticulture and agriculture found throughout the world. Efficient production practices have been developed over the years, for the hundreds of plant taxa used in the floral industry, increasing the overall knowledge of whole plant biology. Plant breeding and selection have produced tens of thousands of new genotypes for human use. Jasmine, Marigold, Chrysanthemum, Rose, Orchid, Anthurium, etc. are flowers of commercial demand.

A retail greenhouse shows some of the diversity of floricultural plants
Flower seedlings sold at a local market in Breda, Netherlands
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