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Mung bean

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**Botanical Information:**
– Description of mung bean as an annual vine with yellow flowers and fuzzy brown pods.
– Morphology details including plant species (Vigna radiata), root structure, stem characteristics, leaf shape, and flower color.
– Growth stages from germination to maturation, with specifics on seed pod formation and plant height.
– Taxonomic classification history and current placement in the Vigna genus.

**Cultivation and Agriculture:**
– Varieties of mung beans developed for pest and disease resistance, including specific names like Samrat, IPM2-3, and SML 668.
– Climate and soil requirements for optimal growth, highlighting temperature preferences and pH range.
– Harvesting practices, yield potential, challenges of indeterminate flowering, and recommendations for efficient harvesting techniques.
– Pests, diseases, and abiotic stresses affecting mung bean cultivation, with details on common pests like whitefly and diseases like mungbean yellow mosaic disease.

**Nutritional Value and Culinary Uses:**
– Nutritional composition of mung beans, emphasizing protein, fiber, vitamins, and minerals content.
– Culinary applications of mung beans globally, including boiled preparations, paste making, and usage in various regional dishes.
– Specific uses of mung bean sprouts in different cuisines, from stir-fries to dessert fillings.
– Regional culinary uses of mung beans in South Asia, East Asia, Korea, the Philippines, and Indonesia.

**Market and Consumption Trends:**
– Market presence of mung beans in Asia, Southern Europe, and the Southern US.
– Consumption patterns across different regions, with variations in per capita consumption levels.
– Market potential of mung beans due to drought tolerance and nutritional value.
– Uses of mung beans as a safe novel food source and their versatility in different food products like sweets, snacks, and sprouts.

**Integrated Disease Management and Sustainability:**
– Strategies for disease management in mung bean cultivation, including genetic resistance and integrated approaches.
– Importance of climate analysis tools for mitigating abiotic stresses and enhancing crop sustainability.
– Focus on developing cultivars with improved traits for disease resistance and market suitability.
– Benefits of mung beans as a cover crop for soil nitrogen fixation and biomass contribution to agricultural sustainability.

Mung bean (Wikipedia)

Mung bean
Mung beans
Dried and opened mung bean pod
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Genus: Vigna
V. radiata
Binomial name
Vigna radiata
(L.) R. Wilczek
  • Azukia radiata (L.) Ohwi
  • Phaseolus abyssinicus Savi
  • Phaseolus chanetii (H.Lev.) H.Lev.
  • Phaseolus hirtus Retz.
  • Phaseolus novo-guineense Baker f.
  • Phaseolus radiatus L.
  • Phaseolus setulosus Dalzell
  • Phaseolus sublobatus Roxb.
  • Phaseolus trinervius Wight & Arn.
  • Pueraria chanetii H.Lev.
  • Rudua aurea (Roxb.) F.Maek.
  • Rudua aurea (Roxb.) Maekawa
  • Vigna brachycarpa Kurz
  • Vigna opistricha A.Rich.
  • Vigna perrieriana R.Vig.
  • Vigna sublobata (Roxb.) Babu & S.K.Sharma
  • Vigna sublobata (Roxb.) Bairig. & al.
Vigna radiata - MHNT
Mung seeds from Deccan Plateau, India
Mung legumes from India

The mung bean (Vigna radiata), alternatively known as green gram, maash (Persian, Kurdish: ماش), mūng (Hindi: मूंग), mū̃g (Bengali: মুঁগ), monggo, đậu xanh (Vietnamese; literally, "green bean"), pesalu (Telugu: పెసలు), kacang hijau (Indonesian and Malay; literally "green bean") or munggo (Philippines), is a plant species in the legume family. The mung bean is mainly cultivated in East, Southeast and South Asia. It is used as an ingredient in both savoury and sweet dishes.

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