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Pilu oil

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– Oil comes from the seed and kernel
– Oil percentage in seeds is 32-34%
– Kernel accounts for 60% in dried seed
– ‘Sweet Variety of Pilu’ yields 35-44% oil with a strong odour
– Presence of Benzyl isothiocyanate in the oil gives it the odour

Physical Characteristics of Pilu Oil:
– Refractive index at 40°C is 1.4465
– Saponification value is 251.2
– Iodine value is 15.6
– Solidifying point is 31.1°C
– Specific gravity (35.5°C/15.5°C) is 0.9246

Fatty Acid Composition of Pilu Oil:
– Capric acid (C10:0) percentage is 1.0-1.5
– Lauric acid (C12:0) percentage is 19.6-47.2
– Myristic acid (C14:0) percentage is 28.4-54.5
– Palmitic acid (C16:) percentage is 18.9-29.5
– Oleic acid (C18:1) percentage is 5.5-12.0

Fat is used in soap making, up to 20% of the soap
– Used as a resist in the dyeing industry
– Oil is used in rheumatic infection treatment
– Pilu fat is used for soap making in India
– Oil has bitter and sharp taste, used as a purgative diuretic or tonic

See also:
– Salvadora persica
– Salvadora oleoides
– Salvadora (plant)

– Orwa, Caleb; Mutua, A.; Kindt, Roeland; Jamnadass, Ramni; Simons, Anthony (2009). Salvadora persica
– Agroforestree Database: a tree reference and selection guide (4th ed.)
– Modern Technology Of Oils, Fats & Its Derivatives by Niir Board
– Pilu / Khakan information from
– Chandra oil – Pilu oil information from

Pilu oil (Wikipedia)

Pilu oil is an extract from seeds of the Pilu tree (Salvadora persica), also known as the toothbrush tree. It is used for soaps, detergents, and resist dyeing.

pilu tree
Salvadora persica
Salvadora persica
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