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Phulwara oil

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– Habitat:
– Phulwara Tree is native to Nepal and adjoining areas of India
– Grows in sub-Himalayan tract between 300 and 1500 meters above sea level
– Also found in the Andaman Islands

– Medium-size deciduous tree with a straight trunk
– Height ranges from 15 to 22 meters, with girth of 1.5 to 1.8 meters
– Bark is dark grey or brown
– Begins yielding fruits after five to nine years, reaching full potential in about fifteen years
– Can yield fruits for fifty to sixty years

– Leaves:
– Form clusters at the end of branches, pink or white in color
– Elliptically shaped, 20 to 35mm long by 9 to 18cm wide

– Flowers:
– 2.0 to 2.5cm in diameter
– White or pale yellow in color with a sweet fragrance

– Oval shaped berry, 2.0 to 4.5cm in diameter
– Bright shiny green or blackish skin
– Ripens from May to August
– Sweet and edible, containing 8.5% sugars & 5.6% crude fiber
Seed constitutes twenty percent of the fruit

Seed collection:
– Ripened fruits collected by hand or beating the plant
– Fruits dried in shade for 8-12 days
– Seeds separated manually or mechanically
– Roller machine used for larger quantities
– Average annual fruit yield per tree is about 100 to 250 kilograms

– Oil extraction:
– Oil extracted from kernel of Phulwara seeds
– Outer shell removed by traditional or mechanical methods
– Seeds pounded into fine powder and steamed for oil extraction
– Traditional oil expeller known as Chepuwa used for extraction

– Properties of oil:
– Bitter taste due to impurities like saponins
– Post-extraction filtration or purification required for edibility
– Contains 56.6% palmitic acid and 36.0% oleic acid
– Also contains 3.6% stearic acid and 3.8% linoleic acid
– Oleic acid is a mono-unsaturated fatty acid

– Uses of oil:
– Main source of edible oil for over 100,000 people
– Used for cooking vegetables and roti (Nepali bread)
– Chiuri butter used in confectionery, pharmaceuticals, and soap making
– Effective for rheumatism and as an additive in animal ghee

Phulwara oil (Wikipedia)

Phulwara oil is extracted from seeds of Phulwara tree (Diploknema butyracea; family Sapotaceae). Phulwara Trees are also known locally as Chiuri Trees, Kaeleb Trees, or Butter Nut Trees. Refined Phulwara Oil is marketed as Phulwara Ghee.

Phulwara tree
Phulwara flower buds
Phulwara fruit
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