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Acacia – Wikipedia

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**Description of Acacia:**
– Plants in the genus Acacia are shrubs or trees with bipinnate leaves.
– Flowers are golden-yellow to pale creamy-white, with 4 or 5 sepals and petals.
– The fruit is a variably-shaped pod containing seeds with a fleshy aril.
– Flowers are borne in spikes, cylindrical heads, or racemes.
– Mature leaves may be reduced to phyllodes or absent.

**Taxonomy and History of Acacia:**
– Acacia was first named by Philip Miller in 1754.
– Leslie Pedley proposed splitting the genus into Acacia s.s., Senegalia, and Racosperma in 1986.
– The decision to use the name Acacia for the genus was upheld in 2011.
– The genus Acacia in 1986 contained 1352 species.
– Pedley proposed splitting Acacia into three genera in 1986.

**Species and Distribution of Acacia:**
– There are about 1080 species of Acacia, primarily native to Australia.
– Acacia species are found in all Australian states and territories.
– About 20 species occur naturally outside Australia.
– Acacia forest is the second most common forest type in Australia, covering 980,000 square kilometers or 8% of total forest area.

**Ecology and Uses of Acacia:**
– Acacia serves as a food source and host plant for butterflies.
– Some Acacia species contain psychoactive alkaloids and potassium fluoroacetate.
Aboriginal Australians traditionally used Acacia seeds for food.
– Acacia species are economically important for wood products, tannin, and fodder.

**Cultural Significance and Research on Acacia:**
– Acacia trees are part of the ecosystem in various countries and have cultural significance.
– Taxonomic studies have led to revisions in the classification of Acacia.
– Studies focus on the evolution and relationships within the Acacia genus.
– Research articles discuss the phylogenetic position of Acacia.
– Various publications highlight the botanical characteristics of Acacia species.

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