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Arnold Schwarzenegger

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**Early Life and Education:**
– Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger was born in Thal on July 30, 1947.
– His father, Gustav, served in World War II and was strict.
– Schwarzenegger grew up in a Catholic family.
– He struggled with reading and was diagnosed as dyslexic.
– Money was scarce in his household.
– Served in the Austrian Army in 1965.
– Attended business school in Munich.
– Completed coursework for a business degree in the US.
– Graduated from the University of Wisconsin-Superior in 1980.
– Received US citizenship in 1983.

**Bodybuilding and Powerlifting Career:**
– Started weight training at age 15.
– Won the Mr. Universe title at age 20 and Mr. Olympia title seven times.
– Competed in Olympic weightlifting and powerlifting contests, winning titles in the 1960s.
– Continued workout routine even after retirement.
– Legacy celebrated in the Arnold Classic bodybuilding competition.
– Won multiple bodybuilding titles, including Mr. Universe and Mr. Olympia.
– Won the Munich stone-lifting contest in 1967.

**Acting Career:**
– After retiring from bodybuilding, became a Hollywood action star.
– Had a breakthrough role in ‘Conan the Barbarian.’
– Founded the film production company Oak Productions.
– Nicknamed ‘Arnie’ and ‘Schwarzy’ during his acting career.
– Early roles include ‘Hercules in New York’ and ‘The Long Goodbye.’
– Won the Golden Globe Award for New Star of the Year – Actor for ‘Stay Hungry.’

**Political Career:**
– Elected Governor of California in a special recall election in 2003.
– Served two terms as Governor, from 2003 to 2011.
– Chaired the Presidents Council on Physical Fitness and Sports.
– Registered Republican during his political career.
– Known as a moderate Republican, describing himself as fiscally conservative and socially liberal.
– Supported parental notification for minors and opposed same-sex marriage legalization.

**Personal Life:**
– Married Maria Shriver in 1986, separated in 2011.
– Divorce from Maria Shriver finalized in 2021.
– Had a strained relationship with his father.
– Mentored by Alfred Gerstl and befriended his son Karl.
– Acknowledged using anabolic steroids for muscle maintenance.
– Settled lawsuits related to steroid use against a German doctor and a U.S. tabloid.

Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger (born July 30, 1947) is an Austrian and American actor, businessman, filmmaker, former politician, and former professional bodybuilder known for his roles in high-profile action movies. He served as the 38th governor of California from 2003 to 2011 and was among Time's 100 most influential people in the world in 2004 and 2007.

Arnold Schwarzenegger
Schwarzenegger in 2019
38th Governor of California
In office
November 17, 2003 – January 3, 2011
Preceded byGray Davis
Succeeded byJerry Brown
Chairman of the President's Council
on Physical Fitness and Sports
In office
January 22, 1990 – May 27, 1993
Preceded byDick Kazmaier
Succeeded by
Personal details
Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger

(1947-07-30) July 30, 1947 (age 76)
Thal, Styria, Austria
  • Austria
  • United States
Political partyRepublican
(m. 1986; div. 2021)
Children5, including Katherine, Patrick and Joseph Baena
RelativesChris Pratt (son-in-law)
Bodybuilding career
As entrant to the 1974 Mr. Olympia competition at Madison Square Garden
Personal info
NicknameThe Austrian Oak
Height6 ft 2 in (1.88 m)
  • 235 lb (107 kg) (contest)
  • 260 lb (118 kg) (off-season)
Professional career
  • NABBA Mr. Universe
  • 1968
Best win
  • IFBB Mr. Olympia
  • 1970–1975, 1980; seven times
PredecessorSergio Oliva ('69)
Frank Zane ('79)
SuccessorFranco Columbu ('76, '81)
ActiveRetired 1980
Medal record
Men's bodybuilding
Representing  Austria
Mr Universe (amateur)
1st 1967
Mr Universe (pro)
1st 1968
1st 1969
1st 1970
Mr. Olympia
2nd 1969
1st 1970
1st 1971
1st 1972
1st 1973
1st 1974
1st 1975
1st 1980
Representing  Austria
International Powerlifting Championships
1st 1966 +80 kg
German Powerlifting Championships
2nd 1967 +80 kg
1st 1968 +80 kg
Graz-Paradise Keller Powerlifting Championships
2nd 1967 +80 kg
Men's weightlifting
Representing  Austria
Styrian Junior Weightlifting Championships
1st 1964
German Austrian Weightlifting Championships
1st 1965
  • Actor
  • bodybuilder
  • businessman
  • filmmaker
  • investor
  • philanthropist
  • politician
  • writer
Signature Edit this at Wikidata
Military service
Branch/serviceAustrian Armed Forces
Years of service1965
UnitBelgier Barracks

Schwarzenegger began lifting weights at age 15 and won the Mr. Universe title aged 20, and subsequently the Mr. Olympia title seven times. He is widely regarded as one of the greatest bodybuilders of all time, and has written many books and articles about it. The Arnold Sports Festival, considered the second-most important bodybuilding event after Mr. Olympia, is named after him. He appeared in the bodybuilding documentary Pumping Iron (1977). After retiring from bodybuilding, he gained worldwide fame as a Hollywood action star, with his breakthrough in the sword and sorcery epic Conan the Barbarian (1982), a box-office hit with a sequel in 1984. After playing the title character in the science fiction film The Terminator (1984), he starred in Terminator 2: Judgment Day (1991) and three other sequels. His other successful action films included Commando (1985), The Running Man (1987), Predator (1987), Total Recall (1990), and True Lies (1994), in addition to comedy films such as Twins (1988), Kindergarten Cop (1990) and Jingle All the Way (1996). He is the founder of the film production company Oak Productions.

As a registered Republican, Schwarzenegger chaired the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports during most of the George H. W. Bush administration. On October 7, 2003, he was elected Governor of California in a special recall election to replace then-Governor Gray Davis. He received 48.6% of the vote, 17 points ahead of Democrat runner-up Cruz Bustamante. He was sworn in on November 17 to serve the remainder of Davis' term, and was reelected in the 2006 California gubernatorial election with an increased vote share of 55.9% to serve a full term. In 2011 he reached his term limit as governor and returned to acting.

Schwarzenegger was nicknamed the "Austrian Oak" in his bodybuilding days, "Arnie" or "Schwarzy" during his acting career, and "the Governator" (a portmanteau of "Governor" and "Terminator") during his political career. He married Maria Shriver, a niece of President John F. Kennedy, in 1986. They separated in 2011 after he admitted to having fathered a child with their housemaid in 1997; their divorce was finalized in 2021.

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