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Eleventh Edition

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**1. Eleventh Edition Overview:**
– Managed by Horace Everett Hooper in 1911
– Editor-in-chief: Hugh Chisholm; principal assistant editor: Walter Alison Phillips
– 14% contributors from North America
– First complete publication instead of releasing volumes separately
– Increased articles from 17,000 to 40,000
– Inclusion of biographies of living people
– Transition to American Publication in 1920
– Rights sold to Sears, Roebuck and Company
– Basis for all later versions until 1974

**2. Reviews and Cultural Value:**
– Criticism by Willard Huntington Wright in 1917
– Comparison between eleventh and fourteenth editions
– Praise by Robert Collison and Kenneth Clark
– Criticism by L. C. Karpinski in 1912
– Articles valuable to modern readers and scholars
– Resource for topics omitted from modern encyclopedias
– Example of early 20th-century prose and literary devices
– Cultural artifact of the early 20th century

**3. Criticisms on Roman Catholic Church, Racism, Sexism, and Antisemitism:**
– Accusations of misrepresentation and bias against Catholics
– Criticisms from the Christian magazine America, Virginia Woolf, and professors
– Lack of contemporary psychological atmosphere by Edward B. Titchener
– Issues of racism, sexism, and antisemitism in various articles

**4. Public Domain Availability and Factual Accuracy Criticism:**
– 1911 edition now freely available due to expired copyright
– Ethnocentric and racist remarks
– Outdated information in science, technology, and medicine articles
– Major errors and issues found by modern readers
– Factual inaccuracies like inferiority claims and outdated perspectives

**5. Further Reading and External Links, Encyclopædia Britannica 1911 Content, and Other Sources:**
– Denis Boyles’ book on the creation of the 11th edition
– Wallis’ review of the Encyclopedia Britannica, 11th Edition
– Original text available on Wikisource and Wikimedia Commons
– Detailed content volumes from the 1911 edition
– Various sources providing access to the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica

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