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Portfolio diet

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– Background:
– Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the United States.
– Risk factors for cardiovascular disease include high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol, being overweight or obese, and smoking.
– The American Heart Association (AHA) and American College of Cardiology (ACC) recommend lifestyle management to control risk factors and reduce cardiovascular risk.
– Strategies like reducing dietary saturated fat can lower LDL cholesterol.
– Medications like statins are used if lifestyle changes are not effective, along with foods like soy protein, nuts, viscous fiber, and plant sterols.

– Diet:
– A typical portfolio diet includes daily intake of about 50 grams of nuts (almonds, peanuts, walnuts), 2 grams of plant sterols, 10-25 grams of soluble fiber (oats, barley, psyllium), and 50 grams of soy protein.

– Health effects:
– The portfolio diet significantly reduces LDL-C and has positive effects on cardiometabolic risk factors.

– See also:
– List of diets.

– References:
– Chiavaroli L, Nishi SK, Khan TA, Braunstein CR, Glenn AJ, Mejia SB, Rahelić D, Kahleová H, Salas-Salvadó J, Jenkins DJA, Kendall CWC, Sievenpiper JL. (2018). Portfolio Dietary Pattern and Cardiovascular Disease: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis of Controlled Trials.
– Todays Dietitian Vol. 20, No. 10, P. 10.
– Miniño, AM (2011). Death in the United States, 2009.
– CDC (2011). Million Hearts: Strategies to reduce the prevalence of leading cardiovascular disease risk factors—United States.
– Eckel, RH; Jakicic, JM; Ard, JD; et al. (2013). 2013 AHA/ACC guideline on lifestyle management to reduce cardiovascular risk: a report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines.

Portfolio diet (Wikipedia)

Portfolio Diet is a therapeutic plant-based diet created by Canadian researcher David J. Jenkins in 2003 to lower blood cholesterol. The diet emphasizes using a portfolio of foods or food components that have been found to associate with cholesterol lowering to enhance this effect. Soluble fiber, soy protein, plant sterols, and nuts are the four essential components of Portfolio diet. The diet is low in saturated fat, high in fibre. Researchers have found it has comparable blood cholesterol effect to statin treatment.

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