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– Terms for connation of flower parts
– Synsepalous: Sepals fused into calyx tube
– Sympetalous: Petals fused into cup or tube
– Synandrous: Stamens fused in unspecified manner
– Synfilamentous: Stamens fused by filaments
– Synantherous: Stamens fused by anthers

– References
– Little, R. John; Jones, C. Eugene, (1980) A Dictionary of Botany
– Jackson, Benjamin Daydon (1928) A Glossary of Botanic Terms
– Source:
– Published by Van Nostrand Reinhold Company
ISBN: 0-442-24169-0

– Category
Plant anatomy

– Hidden categories
– Articles with short description
– Short description matches Wikidata

Connation (Wikipedia)

Connation in plants is the developmental fusion of organs of the same type, for example, petals to one another to form a tubular corolla. This is in contrast to adnation, the fusion of dissimilar organs. Such organs are described as connate or adnate, respectively. When like organs that are usually well separated are placed next to each other, but not actually connected, they are described as connivent (that is the case for anthers in several genera, such as Solanum).

flower in the center of which is a projecting tube formed of the fused filaments of the stamens; the free anthers form a spreading cluster at its tip
The stamens of Hibiscus (like many Malvaceae) are synfilamentous.
Synanthery in a (dissected) flower of Sinningia cardinalis
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