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**Cumin Production and Trade**
– India is the largest producer of cumin, accounting for about 70% of global production in the 2020–2021 fiscal year.
– Major cumin-producing countries include Syria, Turkey, UAE, and Iran.
Cumin cultivation requires a long, hot summer of three to four months.
– The Mediterranean climate is most suitable for cumin’s growth.
Cumin is grown from seeds and requires fertile, sandy, loamy soils with good drainage.

**Cumin Health Benefits**
Cumin seeds have antibacterial properties due to their essential oil content.
– The essential oils and fatty acids in cumin seeds provide health benefits.
Cumin seeds are rich in B vitamins, vitamin E, iron, magnesium, and manganese.
– Traditional medicinal uses of cumin include powdered forms for various ailments.
– No scientific evidence supports cumin seeds as a drug or medicine.

**Cumin in Culinary and Culture**
Cumin seeds are widely used as a spice for flavor and aroma in various cuisines.
Cumin has a significant cultural history, being used in ancient civilizations like Egypt, Greece, and India.
– Traditional cultivation practices of cumin involve sowing from October to early December in India.
Cumin is essential in dishes like chili powder, curry blends, and traditional Indian mixtures.
Cumin’s importance in ancient cultures and trade routes is notable.

**Cumin Plant and Growth**
Cumin is an annual herbaceous plant with specific growth requirements.
– Cultivation of cumin requires a long, hot summer of three to four months.
Cumin plants are grown from seeds and prefer fertile, sandy, loamy soils with good drainage.
– Varieties of cumin plants are developed through breeding methods like sib mating and biotechnology.
Cumin plants have 14 chromosomes and are bred to improve resistance to various stresses.

**Research and Analysis on Cumin**
– Studies have been conducted on salt tolerance and biochemical changes in cumin seeds.
– The United States Department of Agriculture has analyzed cumin seeds for various purposes.
– Research focuses on the essential oil analysis of cumin for its various applications.
– Methods for efficient regeneration of cumin plantlets have been developed.
– Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry is used for detailed analysis of cumin essential oil components.

Cumin (Wikipedia)

Cumin (/ˈkʌmɪn/, /ˈkjuːmɪn/; US also /ˈkmɪn/; Cuminum cyminum) is a flowering plant in the family Apiaceae, native to the Irano-Turanian Region. Its seeds – each one contained within a fruit, which is dried – are used in the cuisines of many cultures in both whole and ground form. Although cumin is used in traditional medicine, there is no high-quality evidence that it is safe or effective as a therapeutic agent.

Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Asterids
Order: Apiales
Family: Apiaceae
Genus: Cuminum
C. cyminum
Binomial name
Cuminum cyminum
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