Skip to Content


« Back to Glossary Index

**Description and Classification of Junipers:**
– Junipers range from tall trees to low-spreading shrubs.
– They have evergreen needle-like and/or scale-like leaves.
– Female seed cones form berrylike structures with hard-shelled seeds.
– Different species exhibit varying foliage types.
– Junipers are classified into sections and subsections based on leaf characteristics.
– Species include common juniper, alpine juniper, and temple juniper.
– Junipers are divided into sections based on seed and leaf characteristics.

**Ecology and Reproduction of Junipers:**
– Junipers thrive in diverse environments, from dry rocky locations to woodlands.
– Western junipers occupy open areas for increased rainfall exposure.
– Increased juniper population leads to a decrease in other woody species and herbaceous cover.
– Junipers reproduce through seeds with a maturation time of 6 to 18 months.
Seed dispersal occurs through frugivores and mammals for long-distance dispersal.
Dormancy is usually broken by physically damaging the seed coat.

**Uses and Cultivation of Junipers:**
Juniper berries are aromatic and used as a spice.
Juniper wood is utilized for various purposes.
– Junipers have economic value in industries like medicine and perfumery.
– Cultivated junipers come in various forms, colors, and sizes.
– Junipers are popular conifers in parks and gardens.
Juniper wood is used for hunting bows and in Scottish folkloric rites.

**Toxicity and Herbal Uses of Junipers:**
Juniper pollen can cause respiratory issues.
– Cross-allergenic reactions occur with cypress pollen.
– Monoecious juniper plants have a high allergenic rating.
Juniper wood has high compression strength.
Juniper oil is used in traditional medicine by Indigenous peoples.
Juniper leaves are used in folk remedies in different cultures.

**Research and Additional Reading on Junipers:**
– Studies on juniper removal effects and ancient practices.
– Books and works focusing on junipers and their taxonomy.
– Research on diversification and biogeography of Juniperus species.
– Comprehensive resources for studying the genus Juniperus.
– External links for further exploration on junipers.

Juniper (Wikipedia)

Junipers are coniferous trees and shrubs in the genus Juniperus (/ˈnɪpərəs/ joo-NIH-pər-əs) of the cypress family Cupressaceae. Depending on the taxonomy, between 50 and 67 species of junipers are widely distributed throughout the Northern Hemisphere, from the Arctic, south to tropical Africa, throughout parts of western, central and southern Asia, east to eastern Tibet in the Old World, and in the mountains of Central America. The highest-known juniper forest occurs at an altitude of 4,900 metres (16,100 ft) in southeastern Tibet and the northern Himalayas, creating one of the highest tree lines on earth.

Utah juniper (Juniperus osteosperma) in Nevada, United States
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Gymnospermae
Division: Pinophyta
Class: Pinopsida
Order: Cupressales
Family: Cupressaceae
Subfamily: Cupressoideae
Genus: Juniperus
Type species
Juniperus communis

See text

  • Arceuthos Antoine & Kotschy
  • Oxycedrus Carrière
  • Sabina Miller
  • Sabinella Nakai
  • Thujiaecarpus von Trautvetter
« Back to Glossary Index