Skip to Content


« Back to Glossary Index

– **Etymology**:
– Common name and specific epithet derive from Japanese words for pine tree and mushroom.

– **Similar species**:
– In Japan, closely related species include Tricholoma bakamatsutake (stupid matsutake), Tricholoma fulvocastaneum (fake matsutake), and Tricholoma robustum (imitation of matsutake).
– In North American Pacific Northwest, Tricholoma murrillianum is found in coniferous forests.
– Tricholoma magnivelare is generally found in Jack pine forests.

– **Distribution and habitat**:
Matsutake mushrooms grow in East Asia, South Asia, Southeast Asia, parts of Europe, and along the Pacific coasts of Canada and the United States.
Matsutake grow under trees and form a symbiotic relationship with roots of various tree species.
– In China, matsutake is mainly distributed in the northeast and southwest regions.

– **Ecology**:
– The candy cane plant parasitizes matsutake mushrooms by deriving nourishment from the fungal mycelia.
– Insects target matsutake mushrooms as food and a place to lay their eggs.
Matsutake are hard to find due to specific growth requirements, competition from wild animals, and decline in domestic production in Japan.

– **Uses**:
– Annual harvest of matsutake in Japan is less than 1,000 tons, with the supply largely made up by imports.
– Prices in the Japanese market are highly dependent on quality, availability, and origin.
– International trade for matsutake created a fluctuating market, especially in regions like Yunnan province of Southwest China.

Matsutake (Wikipedia)

Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Fungi
Division: Basidiomycota
Class: Agaricomycetes
Order: Agaricales
Family: Tricholomataceae
Genus: Tricholoma
T. matsutake
Binomial name
Tricholoma matsutake
(S.Ito & Imai) Singer (1943)
  • Armillaria ponderosa Sacc. (1887)
  • Armillaria matsutake var. matsutake S.Ito & Imai (1925)
  • Armillaria matsutake var. formosana S.Ito & Imai (1931)
  • Tricholoma nauseosum (A.Blytt) Kytov. (1989)
Tricholoma matsutake
View the Mycomorphbox template that generates the following list
Gills on hymenium
Cap is convex
Hymenium is adnexed
Stipe has a ring
Spore print is white
Ecology is mycorrhizal
Edibility is choice
Japanese name

Matsutake (Japanese: 松茸/マツタケ), Tricholoma matsutake, is a species of choice edible mycorrhizal mushroom that grows in Eurasia and North America. It is prized in Japanese cuisine for its distinct spicy-aromatic odor.

« Back to Glossary Index