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**Botany and Cultivation:**
– Prunus subg. Cerasus includes true cherries with specific characteristics
– Differentiation between sweet cherry (P. avium) and sour cherry (P. cerasus)
– Details on cherry tree cultivation, including common rootstocks and time to produce first crop
Cherry trees require chilling hours and have a short growing season

**History and Antiquity:**
– Historical consumption of sweet cherries dating back to prehistoric times
– Introduction of cultivated cherries to Rome, England, and North America
– Description of cherry trees in various regions in the past centuries
– Cultural significance of cherries, such as association with Christmas in the Southern Hemisphere

**Production and Cultivars:**
– World production statistics for sweet and sour cherries in 2020
– Major cherry-producing countries and regions
– Commercial cherry orchards in West Asia and Europe
– Mention of specific cherry cultivars, including new varieties introduced

**Nutritional Value and Health Risks:**
– Nutritional content of raw sweet and sour cherries per 100g serving
– Health risks associated with cherry kernels containing amygdalin
– Toxicity levels and symptoms related to cherry kernel ingestion
– Differences in vitamin content between sweet and sour cherries

**Other Uses and Miscellaneous:**
– Utilization of cherry wood in furniture manufacturing
– Various cherry-related products and uses, such as cherry ice cream and cherry pit oil
– References to cherry-related articles, books, and historical documentation
– Mention of cherry-related events and festivals in different regions

Cherry (Wikipedia)

A cherry is the fruit of many plants of the genus Prunus, and is a fleshy drupe (stone fruit).

Red cherries with stems
Prunus avium, sweet cherry (a true cherry species)

Commercial cherries are obtained from cultivars of several species, such as the sweet Prunus avium and the sour Prunus cerasus. The name 'cherry' also refers to the cherry tree and its wood, and is sometimes applied to almonds and visually similar flowering trees in the genus Prunus, as in "ornamental cherry" or "cherry blossom." Wild cherry may refer to any of the cherry species growing outside cultivation, although Prunus avium is often referred to specifically by the name "wild cherry" in the British Isles.

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