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**Importance of Forestry**:
Forestry involves creating, managing, conserving, and repairing forests for human and environmental benefits.
– Forest management affects ecosystem services provisioning and habitat creation.
– Modern forestry includes multiple-use management for various purposes.
– Forests are crucial for biodiversity management, erosion control, and carbon dioxide absorption.
Forestry is a significant economic sector, providing millions of jobs and supporting livelihoods.
– Sustainable forest management is essential for long-term benefits.
– Forests play a vital role in climate change mitigation.
Forestry provides various non-timber forest products.

**Forestry Practices**:
– Geographic Information System Analysis aids in effective forestry management.
– Long-term forest management planning is essential for sustainability.
– Silviculture practices are crucial for ecological balance.
– Agroecological perspectives are important in forestry and agroforestry.
– Operational efficiency in forestry is crucial for productivity.

**Conservation and Genetic Diversity**:
– Pan-European strategies focus on genetic conservation of forest trees.
– Transfer of forest reproductive material in Europe is vital for adaptation to climate change.
– Global Forest Resources Assessment 2020 highlights key findings for conservation.
– Conservation efforts aim to establish core networks of dynamic conservation units.
– Genetic diversity in forests is essential for resilience and adaptation.

**Historical and Global Perspectives**:
– Forests have played a significant role throughout history in civilizations and commerce.
– Integration of nature protection in forest policy is crucial for sustainable practices.
Forestry practices have evolved from the age of improvement to the age of ecology.
– The idea of sustainability is central to forestry practices.
– Various forestry societies worldwide contribute to knowledge sharing and development.

**Publications, Resources, and Education**:
– Various forestry journals provide valuable insights and research findings.
– Digital archives of forestry reviews offer historical perspectives.
– Online resources like Revista pădurilor provide access to forestry knowledge.
Forestry societies like the Swiss Forestry Society contribute to the field.
– Publications like ‘The story of pines’ offer in-depth knowledge on specific forestry topics.
Forestry education and accreditation bodies provide information on accredited programs and educational resources.

Forestry (Wikipedia)

Forestry is the science and craft of creating, managing, planting, using, conserving and repairing forests and woodlands for associated resources for human and environmental benefits. Forestry is practiced in plantations and natural stands. The science of forestry has elements that belong to the biological, physical, social, political and managerial sciences. Forest management plays an essential role in the creation and modification of habitats and affects ecosystem services provisioning.

A Timberjack wheeled harvester stacking cut timber in Finland

Modern forestry generally embraces a broad range of concerns, in what is known as multiple-use management, including: the provision of timber, fuel wood, wildlife habitat, natural water quality management, recreation, landscape and community protection, employment, aesthetically appealing landscapes, biodiversity management, watershed management, erosion control, and preserving forests as "sinks" for atmospheric carbon dioxide.

Forest ecosystems have come to be seen as the most important component of the biosphere, and forestry has emerged as a vital applied science, craft, and technology. A practitioner of forestry is known as a forester. Another common term is silviculturist. Silviculture is narrower than forestry, being concerned only with forest plants, but is often used synonymously with forestry.

All people depend upon forests and their biodiversity, some more than others. Forestry is an important economic segment in various industrial countries, as forests provide more than 86 million green jobs and support the livelihoods of many more people. For example, in Germany, forests cover nearly a third of the land area, wood is the most important renewable resource, and forestry supports more than a million jobs and about €181 billion of value to the German economy each year.

Worldwide, an estimated 880 million people spend part of their time collecting fuelwood or producing charcoal, many of them women.[quantify] Human populations tend to be low in areas of low-income countries with high forest cover and high forest biodiversity, but poverty rates in these areas tend to be high. Some 252 million people living in forests and savannahs have incomes of less than US$1.25 per day.

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