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Glossary of botanical terms

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**Plant Taxonomy and Classification:**
Poaceae, Cyperaceae, Juncaceae, and Typhaceae are grass-like families.
– ‘aceae’ is a suffix indicating a plant family name.
– ‘alien’ refers to non-native plants.
– Alkaloids are nitrogen-containing compounds in plants.
– Allelopathy involves plant biochemicals affecting nearby plants.
– Achenes in Fragaria fruit are specific examples.
– Acicular leaf shape is described.
– Acrophyll leaf position is compared to other leaf positions.
– ‘ales’ is a suffix for taxonomic order names.

**Botanical Terminology and Definitions:**
– Prefix ‘ab-‘ is defined.
– Abaxial and adaxial surface descriptions are provided.
– Abscission process is explained.
– Acaulescent growth habit is defined.
– Accrescent organ growth is explained.
– Aculeate plant feature is described.
– Acumen, acuminate, and acute leaf shapes are defined.
– Androgynous flower structure is detailed.
– Apical bud structure in poplar is described.

**Plant Anatomy and Morphological Characteristics:**
– Apocarpous carpels in Ochrosia borbonica are discussed.
– Apophyses on Araucaria cunninghamii cones are explained.
– Stellate hairs on Meniocus linifolius leaves are detailed.
– Arachnoid leaves in Gazania species are described.
– Anisotomic branching and annual plant life cycles are explained.
– Apetalous plants and arborescent plant characteristics are detailed.
– Arboretums and their purpose are defined.
– Apophysis and acuminate leaf shape are discussed.

**Plant Reproduction and Floral Structures:**
– ‘Alternate’ leaves or flowers and amphitropous ovules are defined.
– Androdioecious and anemophilous plant characteristics are explained.
– Angiosperms and their seed enclosure are detailed.
– Anther, apical structures, and apomixis are discussed.
– Apophysis and aquatic plant growth are described.
– Albumen and amplecticaul leaves are explained.
– Anastomosis and anthesis processes are detailed.
– Anticlinal structures and anisotomic branching are compared.

**Plant Growth Habits and Forms:**
– Caespitose, cauliflory, and caulirosulate growth habits are described.
– Chasmophyte and caudex growth patterns are explained.
– Crenate, cuneate, and cupules leaf characteristics are detailed.
– Cladodes and compound palmate leaf structures are discussed.
– Compound panicle and connate flower structures are explained.
– Cauline and capillary growth patterns are compared.
– Caudex and cernuous growth habits are detailed.

This glossary of botanical terms is a list of definitions of terms and concepts relevant to botany and plants in general. Terms of plant morphology are included here as well as at the more specific Glossary of plant morphology and Glossary of leaf morphology. For other related terms, see Glossary of phytopathology, Glossary of lichen terms, and List of Latin and Greek words commonly used in systematic names.

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