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Lacto vegetarianism

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**Historical Development**:
– The concept and practice of lacto-vegetarianism originated in ancient India.
– Key figures like George Cheyne, Heinrich Lahmann, and Elmer McCollum promoted lacto-vegetarian diets in different historical periods.
– Danish physician Mikkel Hindhede’s lacto-vegetarian diet during WWI led to decreased mortality rates in Denmark.
– Dietetic fads between 1890-1914 and Gandhi’s speech on vegetarianism in 1931 are notable historical events related to lacto-vegetarianism.

**Religious Influence**:
– Lacto-vegetarian diets are popular among followers of Eastern religions like Jainism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Sikhism.
– The core belief behind lacto-vegetarianism in these religions is the principle of non-violence.
– Hinduism and Jainism consider vegetarianism as essential for spiritual progress.
– Sikh sects like Namdharis and Damdami Taksal advocate strict lacto-vegetarian diets.
– Guru Granth Sahib endorses vegetarianism and cow protection in Sikhism.

**Nutritional and Health Aspects**:
– Review on the perfect food, milk, and the impact of dietary protein in vegetarian diets.
– Spiritual nutrition and its foundations in lacto-vegetarianism.
– Role of amino acids in vegetarian diets and the health benefits associated with vegetarianism.
– Impact of religious beliefs on meat consumption in India and the removal of eggs from Hindu schools’ menus.

**Comparison with Veganism**:
– Vegans avoid dairy products due to animal welfare concerns, while lacto-vegetarians consume dairy but avoid other animal products.
– Both diets have ethical considerations regarding animal welfare, with vegans believing dairy production causes harm and lacto-vegetarians finding dairy consumption acceptable within their ethical framework.

**Literature and Cultural Influence**:
– Jainism’s strict vegetarian standards and avoidance of root vegetables and honey.
– Sikh perspective on flesh and meat, vegetarianism in Sikhism, and Namdhari Sikhs’ testimony on vegetarianism.
– Notable literature and publications related to lacto-vegetarianism, including works on nutrition, animal advocacy, and vegetarian ethics.
– Various resources, media, and notable figures in the vegetarianism movement promoting lacto-vegetarian diets.

Lacto-ovo vegetarianism or ovo-lacto vegetarianism is a type of vegetarianism which forbids animal flesh but allows the consumption of animal products such as dairy and eggs. Unlike pescetarianism, it does not include fish or other seafood. A typical ovo-lacto vegetarian diet may include fruits, vegetables, grains, legumes, meat substitutes, nuts, seeds, soy, cheese, milk, yogurt and eggs.

Vegetarian buffet

In India, such vegetarians are known as "eggetarian," which is a portmanteau of egg and vegetarian as "vegetarianism" usually refers to lacto vegetarianism in India.

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