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**Taxonomy and Nomenclature of Malvaceae:**
Malvaceae circumscription controversy
Malvaceae sensu stricto vs. sensu lato
– Inclusion of Bombacaceae, Tiliaceae, and Sterculiaceae
– Expansion of Malvaceae to incorporate additional families
– Number of accepted genera in Malvaceae (245)

**Classification of Malvaceae:**
– Nine subfamilies in Malvaceae
– Subfamily details: Byttnerioideae, Grewioideae, Sterculioideae, Tilioideae

**Synapomorphies and Characteristics of Malvaceae:**
– Shared malvean affinities in core Malvales families
– Unique synapomorphies in Malvaceae
– Specific characteristics like tile cells and trichomatous nectaries
– Presence of bicolor unit in Malvaceae flowers
– Evolutionary links confirmed by Malvean wood fossils

**Names and Etymology of Malvaceae:**
– Origin of the English common name “mallow” from Latin ‘malva’
– Derivation of ‘malva’ from ancient Mediterranean languages
– Cognates of ‘malva’ in Greek, Arabic, and Hebrew

**Resources, Publications, and Research on Malvaceae:**
– Key resources: Germplasm Resources Information Network, Angiosperm Phylogeny Website, Plants of the World Online database
– Notable publications and research on Malvaceae, including studies on phytochemicals, subfamilial relationships, and evolutionary aspects
– Historical and etymological references related to Malvaceae
– Publications on plant evolution, covering topics like nectar secretion, inflorescence structure, and phylogenetic relationships.

Malvaceae (Wikipedia)

Malvaceae (/mælˈvsiˌ, -sˌ/), or the mallows, is a family of flowering plants estimated to contain 244 genera with 4225 known species. Well-known members of economic importance include okra, cotton, cacao, roselle and durian. There are also some genera containing familiar ornamentals, such as Alcea (hollyhock), Malva (mallow), and Tilia (lime or linden tree). The genera with the largest numbers of species include Hibiscus (434 species), Pavonia (291 species), Sida (275 species), Ayenia (216 species), Dombeya (197 species), and Sterculia (181 species).

Temporal range: Campanian - recent
Least mallow, Malva parviflora
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae

See List of Malvaceae genera

  • Bombacaceae Kunth
  • Brownlowiaceae Cheek
  • Byttneriaceae R.Br.
  • Dombeyaceae Kunth
  • Durionaceae Cheek
  • Helicteraceae J.Agardh
  • Hermanniaceae Marquis
  • Hibiscaceae J.Agardh
  • Lasiopetalaceae Rchb.
  • Melochiaceae J.Agardh
  • Pentapetaceae Bercht. & J.Presl
  • Philippodendraceae A.Juss.
  • Plagianthaceae J.Agardh
  • Sparmanniaceae J.Agardh
  • Sterculiaceae Vent.
  • Theobromataceae J.Agardh
  • Tiliaceae Juss.
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