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**Tuber Terminology:**
– Originating from the Latin word ‘tuber,’ meaning lump or swelling.
– Some restrict the term to structures from stems, while others use ‘root tuber’ for root-derived structures.

**Types of Tubers:**
– Stem Tubers:
– Formed from thickened rhizomes or stolons.
– Produce shoots that grow into stems and leaves.
– Examples include tuberous begonias, yams, and cyclamens.
Root Tubers:
– Modified lateral roots storing nutrients.
– Plants like sweet potatoes, cassava, and dahlia have root tubers.

**Tuber Characteristics:**
– Enlarged underground stems serving as storage organs.
– Common types include potatoes and yams.
– Nodes on tubers allow new plant growth.
– Rich in carbohydrates and nutrients.

**Agricultural Importance and Botanical Studies:**
– Vital food sources globally, rich in vitamins.
– Research on tuber anatomy, origin, and genetics.
– The Potato Genome Project at UC Berkeley focuses on tuber genetics.
– The Kew Plant Glossary offers detailed information on tubers.

**Environmental Impact and Educational Resources:**
– Some tuber plants are invasive species.
– Tubers contribute to biodiversity.
– Educational resources cover plant biology, anatomy, and micropropagation techniques.
– Conservationists study tuber-producing plant natural history and their impact on habitats.

Tuber (Wikipedia)

Tubers are a type of enlarged structure used as storage organs for nutrients in some plants, usually stems, but some definitions refer to roots. Tubers help plants perennate (survive winter or dry months), provide energy and nutrients, and are a means of asexual reproduction.

Ulluku (Ullucus tuberosus) tubers

Stem tubers manifest as thickened rhizomes (underground stems) or stolons (horizontal connections between organisms); examples include the potato and yam. The term root tuber describes modified lateral roots, as in sweet potatoes, cassava, and dahlias.

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