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Botanical name

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**Botanical Naming System:**
Botanical name is a formal scientific name conforming to ICN.
– Purpose of a formal name is to have a single name accepted worldwide.
– Type specimen anchors defining features of a taxon.
– Components of plant names: generic, specific, and infraspecific names.
– Binary naming system with a two-part name below the rank of genus.

**Classification of Plants:**
– Kingdom: Plantae, Division: Magnoliophyta, Class: Liliopsida, Order: Asparagales, Family: Amaryllidaceae.
– Characteristics of cultivated plants: larger fruits/flowers, easier to grow, uniform size, specific growing conditions.

**Cultivated Plants Significance:**
– Cultivated plants provide sustenance, contribute to pharmaceuticals, enhance aesthetics, support cultural practices, and the global economy.
– Cultivation techniques: propagation, soil preparation, pest management, irrigation, pruning.

**Cultivated Plant Naming in ICNCP:**
– Cultivated plants have additional epithets, often non-Latin.
– Cultivars are given in single quotation marks.
– Generic name followed by a cultivar name is used when parentage is not relevant.
– Additional epithet is not italicized.

**Examples of Cultivated Plants:**
Wheat (Triticum aestivum), Rose (Rosa spp.), Tomato (Solanum lycopersicum), Tulip (Tulipa spp.), Apple (Malus domestica).

Botanical name (Wikipedia)

A botanical name is a formal scientific name conforming to the International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (ICN) and, if it concerns a plant cultigen, the additional cultivar or Group epithets must conform to the International Code of Nomenclature for Cultivated Plants (ICNCP). The code of nomenclature covers "all organisms traditionally treated as algae, fungi, or plants, whether fossil or non-fossil, including blue-green algae (Cyanobacteria), chytrids, oomycetes, slime moulds and photosynthetic protists with their taxonomically related non-photosynthetic groups (but excluding Microsporidia)."

Bellis perennis has one botanical name and many common names, including perennial daisy, lawn daisy, common daisy, and English daisy.

The purpose of a formal name is to have a single name that is accepted and used worldwide for a particular plant or plant group. For example, the botanical name Bellis perennis denotes a plant species which is native to most of the countries of Europe and the Middle East, where it has accumulated various names in many languages. Later, the plant was introduced worldwide, bringing it into contact with more languages. English names for this plant species include: daisy, English daisy, and lawn daisy. The cultivar Bellis perennis 'Aucubifolia' is a golden-variegated horticultural selection of this species.

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