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James Rachels

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**James Rachels Biography:**
– Born in Columbus, Georgia in 1941
– Graduated from Mercer University in 1962
– Received Ph.D. from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill in 1967
– Taught at various universities including Duke University and the University of Alabama at Birmingham
– Died from cancer on September 5, 2003, in Birmingham, Alabama

**James Rachels Works:**
– Best-known work is ‘The Elements of Moral Philosophy’
– Authored ‘Moral Problems’ in 1971, shifting focus to practical issues
– Wrote ‘Active and Passive Euthanasia’ in 1975, challenging legal distinctions
– Published ‘The End of Life’ in 1986, expanding on euthanasia ethics
– Advocated for ethical implications of Darwinism in ‘Created from Animals’ (1990)

**James Rachels Advocacy for Vegetarianism:**
– Advocated for moral vegetarianism in various papers
– Proposed the ‘Basic Argument for Vegetarianism’ in 2004
– Argued against cruelty to animals based on shared capacity to suffer
– Stressed the importance of justifying any infliction of pain on animals
– Emphasized the need to address the suffering caused by factory farming

**James Rachels Bibliography:**
– Co-authored ‘The Truth About the World’ with Stuart Rachels in 2008
– Wrote ‘The Legacy of Socrates: Essays in Moral Philosophy’ in 2006
– Authored ‘Problems from Philosophy’ in 2005
– Published ‘The Basic Argument for Vegetarianism’ in 2004
– Contributed to ‘Created From Animals: The Moral implications of Darwinism’ in 1990

**Related Figures and Advocates:**
– **Early Advocates of Vegetarianism:** William Lambe, George Cheyne, Henry S. Clubb, R. E. O’Callaghan, Francis William Newman
– **Prominent Figures in Plant-Based Nutrition:** Maximilian Bircher-Benner, Elmer McCollum, Susan M. Levin, Eli Peck Miller, Harry Willis Miller
– **Philosophers and Ethicists Supporting Vegetarianism:** Pythagoras, Plutarch, Voltaire, Henry Stephens Salt, James Rachels
– **Contemporary Vegetarian Advocates:** Nava Atlas, Mayim Bialik, Gypsy Boots, BOSH!, Kathleen Keen Zolber
– **Literary Figures and Writers on Vegetarianism:** Scott Nearing, Helen Nearing, Howard Williams, Valluvar, Ellen G. White

James Rachels (Wikipedia)

James Webster Rachels (May 30, 1941 – September 5, 2003) was an American philosopher who specialized in ethics and animal rights.

James Rachels
James Webster Rachels

30 May 1941
Died5 September 2003 (aged 62)
Alma materMercer University, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
EraContemporary philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
SchoolAnalytic philosophy
Main interests
Ethics, bioethics, animal rights
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